What We Know About Bullying: An Across Borders Review
This presentation provides the following: Defining "bullying"; the different types of bullying; traits of the victim; traits of the bully; gender differences in bullying; and teacher perspectives on bullying.

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What We Know About Effective Bullying Prevention and Intervention Approaches
This presentation provides information on the characteristics of effective and misguided efforts when implementing bullying prevention and intervention approaches.

Click here to view the presentation. (It is best to view this presentation in the browser Safari.) Bullying Prevention and Intervention

From the U. S. Department of Education

United Nations: Declaration of Principles on Tolerance, 1995

Article 4 - Education

4.1 Education is the most effective means of preventing intolerance. The first step in tolerance education is to teach people what their shared rights and freedoms are, so that they may be respected, and to promote the will to protect those of others.
4.2 Education for tolerance should be considered an urgent imperative; that is why it is necessary to promote systematic and rational tolerance teaching methods that will address the cultural, social, economic, political and religious sources of intolerance - major roots of violence and exclusion. Education policies and programmes should contribute to development of understanding, solidarity and tolerance among individuals as well as among ethnic, social, cultural, religious and linguistic groups and nations.
4.3 Education for tolerance should aim at countering influences that lead to fear and exclusion of others, and should help young people to develop capacities for independent judgement, critical thinking and ethical reasoning.
4.4 We pledge to support and implement programmes of social science research and education for tolerance, human rights and non-violence. This means devoting special attention to improving teacher training, curricula, the content of textbooks and lessons, and other educational materials including new educational technologies, with a view to educating caring and responsible citizens open to other cultures, able to appreciate the value of freedom, respectful of human dignity and differences, and able to prevent conflicts or resolve them by non-violent means.

Serbia: Special Protocol for Protection of Children and Pupils from Violence, Abuse and Neglect


Becoming Multicultural: Raising Awareness and Supporting Change in Teacher Education

Contact Theory: Obscuring the "We" and "They" Boundary

Intergroup Contact Theory by Thomas F. Pettigrew


Teaching Tolerance

Professional Development
Speak Up!
Mix It Up!


Teaching Diverse Students Initiative

"The most significant educational challenge facing the United States is the tragically low academic achievement of many students of color. TDSi helps educators meet the challenge with a collection of research-based tools and resources designed to improve the teaching of racially and ethnically diverse students.

TDSI should be used by:

Schools and Districts - K-12 teachers, school leaders, professional learning communities and school improvement teams, working alone or in groups, use these professional development tools to improve instructional practice and create positive school environments.
Colleges of Education - College faculty use these tools in courses designed to prepare pre-service teachers to work effectively in racially and ethnically diverse classrooms."

Culturally Relevant Pedagogy Primer

Hidden Bias: Implicit Association Tests

Psychologists at Harvard, the University of Virginia and the University of Washington created "Project Implicit" to develop Hidden Bias Tests — called Implicit Association Tests, or IATs, in the academic world — to measure unconscious bias.

Click here to take the tests.


CREDE Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence

"The Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE) is focused on improving the education of students whose ability to reach their potential is challenged by language or cultural barriers, race, geographic location, or poverty. CREDE promotes research by university faculty and graduate students and provides educators with a range of tools to help them implement best practices in the classroom."

The CREDE Five Standards for Effective Pedagogy and Learning

Center for Multicultural Education

Successful K-12 Programs

Diversity Within Unity: Essential Principles for Teaching and Learning in a Multicultural Society by James A. Banks


Facing History and Ourselves

Helping classrooms and communities worldwide link the past to moral choices today


Teaching for Change

Building social justice starting in the classroom.

ePal Global Community - Where Learners Connect

Understanding Prejudice

- A listing of multicultural organizations



Social Emotional Learning

National School Climate Center

Collaborative for Academic, Social, & Emotional Learning (CASEL)

Guidelines for Social and Emotional Learning: Quality Programs for School and Life Success


Challenge Based Learning

Take Action and Make a Difference

From Apple, Inc.

Rethinking Schools


National Association for Multicultural Education

Defining Multicultural Education

Digital Citizenship

Nine Themes of Digital Citizenship
Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use.

1. Digital Access
2. Digital Commerce
3. Digital Communication
4. Digital Literacy
5. Digital Etiquette
6. Digital Law
7. Digital Rights & Responsibilities
8. Digital Health & Wellness:
9. Digital Security (self-protection)

The Routledge International Companion to Multicultural Education